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Foot & Ankle Specialist

Oceanside (760) 630-9200

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Osteoarthritis of the Big Toe

Tuesday, 07 June 2022 00:00

Osteoarthritis or OA is a common form of arthritis that can affect any joint in the body. This type of arthritis generally increases with age, and those who are obese, have a genetic predisposition to it, or a prior joint injury are at higher risk. Cartilage in joints wear down, bones are exposed, and they can rub against each other. The base of the big toe is a common site for OA. The joint degenerates and the body may attempt to repair the condition by growing more bone. This reaction can create bony protrusions called bone spurs that appear as a visible bump or callus on the big toe joint. The excess bone growth can lead to fusion of the joint and it can become fixed/non-bending. The joint of the big toe may also look inflamed and swollen. It becomes painful and hard to walk if one cannot bend their toe, and if spurs or bunions develop, they can push uncomfortably against shoes. Usually, OA in the big toe is worse after inactivity, such as when first arising in the morning or after prolonged sitting. Wearing shoes that have sufficient room in the toe box and stiff soles, obtaining pad inserts or arch supports, using ice on the big toe, maintaining a healthy body weight, and/or taking over-the-counter pain relievers can help but there is no cure for OA. If you are suffering with big toe pain, consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose the condition and recommend a treatment plan to help you live more comfortably.

Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Jeff Brooks from Oceanside Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Arthritic Foot Care  

Arthritis is a term that is commonly used to describe joint pain.  The condition itself can occur to anyone of any age, race, or gender, and there are over 100 types of it.  Nevertheless, arthritis is more commonly found in women compared to men, and it is also more prevalent in those who are overweight. The causes of arthritis vary depending on which type of arthritis you have. Osteoarthritis for example, is often caused by injury, while rheumatoid arthritis is caused by a misdirected immune system.

Symptoms

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Decreased Range of Motion

Arthritic symptoms range in severity, and they may come and go. Some symptoms stay the same for several years but could potentially get worse with time. Severe cases of arthritis can prevent its sufferers from performing daily activities and make walking difficult.

Risk Factors

  • Occupation – Occupations requiring repetitive knee movements have been linked to osteoarthritis
  • Obesity – Excess weight can contribute to osteoarthritis development
  • Infection – Microbial agents can infect the joints and trigger arthritis
  • Joint Injuries – Damage to joints may lead to osteoarthritis
  • Age – Risk increases with age
  • Gender –Most types are more common in women
  • Genetics – Arthritis can be hereditary

If you suspect your arthritis is affecting your feet, it is crucial that you see a podiatrist immediately. Your doctor will be able to address your specific case and help you decide which treatment method is best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oceanside, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Arthritic Foot
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