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Deformities From Bunions

Tuesday, 14 May 2024 00:00

The human foot is a marvel of engineering, composed of an intricate network of bones, tendons, and ligaments that work in tandem to provide stability and mobility. At the center of this complex structure lies the big toe, also known as the hallux, which plays a vital role in maintaining balance and facilitating movement. However, when the alignment of the bones in the big toe is disrupted, a bunion can form at the base of the big toe. This can lead to a further deformity, known as metatarsus primus varus. It results from an abnormal inward angling of the big toe towards the second toe. This misalignment can result in a range of symptoms, including pain, discomfort, and difficulty walking or standing for extended periods of time. While the exact cause of metatarsus primus varus is not fully understood, it is believed to be influenced by both genetic factors and external triggers, such as wearing ill-fitting footwear. People with metatarsus primus varus may experience a variety of symptoms, including pain and discomfort in the foot, restricted range of motion, and skin irritation. Diagnosing metatarsus primus varus typically involves a physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays. Treatment options may vary depending on the severity of the condition and can include orthotics or surgical intervention to realign the bones and restore normal foot function. For help with managing this deformity, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. Jeff Brooks of Oceanside Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oceanside, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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