Foot & Ankle Specialist
Definition and Causes of Tarsal Tunnel SyndromeTuesday, 14 November 2023 00:00
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, abbreviated TTS, is a relatively rare but painful condition involving the compression of the tibial nerve as it passes through the tarsal tunnel, a narrow passageway on the inside of the ankle. The tarsal tunnel is enclosed by bone and ligaments, and when pressure is exerted on the tibial nerve within this space, it can lead to TTS. The exact causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome can vary, but common factors include injury or trauma to the ankle, such as sprains or fractures, which may lead to swelling and compression of the nerve. Overpronation, where the foot rolls excessively inward, can also place additional stress on the tibial nerve. Other factors contributing to TTS may include systemic conditions like diabetes, which can result in nerve inflammation and entrapment. Recognizing the potential causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome is essential in seeking appropriate medical care and taking preventive measures to alleviate this painful condition. If you have foot pain, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist who can accurately diagnose and treat tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dr. Jeff Brooks of Oceanside Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.
Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.
The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Oceanside, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.